Welcome to our blog-posts. Do you know the cause and symptoms of Fatty Liver? Today we the best pathology in Lucknow is going to discuss brief about the cause and symptoms of Fatty Liver. Fatty liver, also known as hepatic steatosis, is a common condition caused by the buildup of excess fat in the liver cells. This condition can cause liver inflammation, which can damage the liver and create scarring. In severe cases, this scarring can even lead to liver failure. Basically there are two types of fatty liver disease. They are mentioned below:
1. Non-alcoholic fatty liver
2. Alcoholic fatty liver
In Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) fat buildup in the liver that is not linked to drinking alcohol. They can be broken down into four different stages:
v Stage 1: Steatosis (Simple fatty liver) is a stage where there is a largely harmless build-up of fat in the liver cells but not to an extent to cause symptoms to appear.
v Stage 2: Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) is a more serious form of NAFLD and occurs if the liver becomes damaged causing it to become inflamed. NASH is more likely to occur in people who are overweight or obese, or who have diabetes.
v Stage 3: Fibrosis occurs when persistent inflammation causes scar tissue around the liver and nearby blood vessels, but the liver is still able to function normally.
v Stage 4: Cirrhosis, the most severe stage, happens when normal liver tissues are replaced by fibrosis to the extent that the structure and function of the liver is affected and can lead to liver failure and liver cancer.
Whereas in Alcoholic fatty liver fat buildup in the liver as a result of drinking excessive quantities of alcohol. It occurs in three stages:
v Stage 1: Steatosis (Fatty liver) is characterized by an excessive accumulation of fat inside the liver cells. Heavy drinkers usually get to the fatty liver stage in their early years of alcohol abuse.
v Stage 2: Alcoholic Hepatitis is characterized by the inflammation of the liver leading to the degeneration of liver cells. Jaundice is the most common symptom in this stage.
v Stage 3: Liver Cirrhosis is the last and final stage of Alcoholic Liver Disease where permanent scarring of healthy liver tissue occurs. It is a severe condition and an irreversible one.
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