Best Food Chart for Diabetic Patients.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is higher than usual. Blood glucose is the main source of energy for the body and comes from the food we eat. Over the long-term high glucose levels are associated with damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues.
Since, blood sugar level are directly impacted by the intake of foods, nutrition is an essential part of managing diabetes. A healthy diet may also help manage weight, reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and help to live a longer and healthier life. Lifeline labs the best pathology in lucknow is going to share all about diabetes in details.
Types of Diabetes
1. Type 1
It occurs when the body fails to produce insulin. Patients with Type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life.
2. Type 2
In this type of diabetes, the cells in the body do not react to insulin (this is also known as insulin resistance) or the insulin produced by the pancreas does not match the requirement of the body (insulin production is less).
It can be controlled with
· Healthy lifestyle (exercise and healthy food)
· In some cases, external insulin may be required
3. Gestational Diabetes
It is a type of diabetes that consists of high blood glucose during pregnancy and is associated with complications to both mother and child. It can be controlled with exercise and medications.
Portion control is a crucial element of any successful diabetic diet and helps to manage calorie intake and overall balance. The use of measuring cups and food scales may help to get more familiar with serving sizes for different foods. The key is to eat more frequently and in small portions.
Meal timing is very crucial for type 1 diabetics and those taking insulin. It is also important to spread carbohydrate intake throughout the day. Well planned meals may also help to keep blood sugar controlled and body energized throughout the day.
What is a recommended diet plan for diabetes?
Recommended Foods for a diabetic person include:
Lean Proteins: Protein is an essential nutrient that plays a key role in maintaining the body’s cells, including muscle mass and is associated with reduced appetite and better weight management. Sources of lean protein include:
· Egg Whites
· Fish and seafood
Low-fat dairy: Low-fat dairy is also a source of important nutrients like calcium, vitamin D, and potassium and is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. Low-fat dairy choices include:
· Fat-free or low-fat milk
· Plain, non-fat yogurt
· Low-fat cheese
Healthy Fats: Healthy fats may support heart health, assist in weight management, improve blood cholesterol, and help lower blood pressure. The best types of fats for diabetes are unsaturated fats like omega-3, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. Sources of healthy fats include:
· Egg yolks
· Flax seeds
· Chia seeds
· Pumpkin seeds
· Sesame seeds
Non-starchy vegetables: Non-starchy vegetables contain little carbohydrates and tend to be very low in calories. These include:
· Leafy Greens
· Bell Peppers
· Green Beans
Starchy vegetables: Starchy vegetables can contain more carbohydrates, but still tend to offer meaningful health benefits and nutrition. The best choices of starchy vegetables are:
· Green Peas
· Butternut squash
· Sweet Potatoes
Fruits: Fruits should be included in a well-managed diabetes diet. These include:
Whole grains, Beans, and Lentils: Whole grain and complex carbohydrates help to get more fiber and nutrition. Here are the best sources of complex carbohydrates:
· Whole Grain Bread
· Black Beans
· Brown rice
· Whole grain barley
· Whole grain rye
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