"Everything you need to know about hepatitis"
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. It hepatitis is not treated on time it can be a life-threatening disease. In this article we explain all about Hepatitis condition, its types and the causes.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) the Hepatitis or inflammation of the liver has become one of major public health concerns in India. There are many cases of “Hepatitis A” don't require any treatment. People recover completely with no permanent liver damage. But the viral Hepatitis is caused by Hepatitis Viruses B and C results in an extensive economic and social burden on the affected person and their families. It is really a serious disease. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The condition sometimes can be resolved without treatment or can progress to fibrosis, cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Let’s know in brief about the main categories of viral hepatitis:
1. Hepatitis A
2. Hepatitis E
3. Hepatitis C
4. Hepatitis B
1. Hepatitis A:
Hepatitis A is a viral illness which causes liver swelling or inflammation. Hepatitis A is spread to uninfected person when they consume food or water that has been contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Mostly the infections are passed on through close contact with an infected person. It is usually a self-limiting illness causing symptoms like mild fever, body ache, fatigue, yellow discoloration of eyes and urine and sometimes itching.
The symptoms of Hepatitis A can last after a few weeks and the jaundice gradually subsides without any long term complications. It does not need any specific treatment. Take care and follow good nutritious diet that’s all. In very rare cases Hepatitis A causes a serious condition like acute liver failure. In that case patient requires an immediate hospitalization, ICU care and may need an urgent liver transplantation. Hence prevention is the best approach. Hepatitis A vaccine is also available for prevention.
2. Hepatitis E:
Hepatitis E is similar to Hepatitis A. But Hepatitis E can be more severe. It can cause Acute Liver Failure in pregnant women. There is no vaccine available for Hepatitis E as of now. Hence, follow preventive measures for Hepatitis E to protect form serious conditions.
3. Hepatitis C:
The mode of transmission of Hepatitis C is almost similar to Hepatitis B. Hepatitis C causes a chronic liver illness that after some time becomes a liver cancer. For cure of Hepatitis C there is a very effective oral medication available. Practice them for a finite duration of 3-6 months. It is important to identify Hepatitis C in early stage of the disease and get a proper treatment before permanent damage has occurred in the liver.
4. Hepatitis B:
Hepatitis B is a type of viral illness that mainly causes effect on liver. Hepatitis B is transmitted through the contact with infected person body fluids like semen, vaginal fluids, and blood. Hepatitis B is more often than not remains in the liver of the infected individuals for a long time. In most of the cases it just stays in the liver without causing any damage called as inactive carriers. But in some patients, the virus causes liver injury which can progress to fibrosis or cirrhosis i.e. permanent structural liver damage and even also leads to liver cancer. It is important to identify whether a particular patient carry inactive carrier or suffering from active disease. This can only be identify by diagnosis and treated by a doctor by clinically examining and reviewing certain test reports. Consult a doctor and get yourself evaluated. If you find any symptoms visit best pathology in Lucknow to get tested.
There are effective treatment available for Hepatitis B and is needed usually over a long term. Hepatitis B can be passes from a mother to a new-born during delivery, sharing needles and having unprotected sex. An effective vaccine is available for Hepatitis B and is now included in the universal vaccination schedule for children