HERNIA : Diagnosis and Treatment


Diagnosis and Treatment

How is a hernia treated?

Hernias usually cannot be cured on their own without any treatment. Surgery is the only best possible way to repair Hernia. However, the best doctor will recommend you the best therapy to address your hernia, and may refer you to an experienced surgeon. If the surgeon thinks it is necessary to repair your hernia, then the surgeon will tailor the method of repair that best meets your needs and prevent from Hernia.

In the case of an umbilical hernia in a new born baby, surgery may be recommended only if the hernia is large or if it has not healed by the age of 4 to 5 years. It is suggested that by this age, a child can avoid surgical complications. If an adult has an umbilical hernia, surgery is the only option because the condition will not likely improve on its own and the risk of complications is higher. If you are experiencing any hernia symptoms, consult the gastroenterology department of a reputed hospital in Chennai. A specialist will undertake one or more of these: a physical exam, ultrasound scan, CT scan, MRI scan, barium X-ray or endoscopy to confirm hernia. Hernia Treatment includes medication to reduce the symptoms. There are mainly three types of hernia surgery that can be performed to for Hernia treatment:-

1.     Open Hernia Repair: An open surgery is done to access the herniated area and repair the condition. Open surgery, in which a cut is made into the body at the location of the hernia. After which the protruding tissue is set back in place and the weakened muscle wall is stitched back together. Sometimes extra support need to be provided to the type of mesh implanted in the area. The abdominal content (intestine and abdominal fat) that is protruding outside replaced in to the abdomen. The hernia defect is closed. A mesh is placed over the hole to provide additional support to the weakened area.


2.     Laparoscopic Surgery: Laparoscopic surgery involves the same type of repairs. But in this, instead of a cut to the outside of the abdomen, tiny incisions are made to allow for the insertion of surgical tools to complete the procedure. This is a minimally invasive surgery performed using an endoscope which has been fitted with a light and video camera. The minimally invasive approach ensures a smaller incision which causes lesser pain and leads to a faster recovery when compared to the open surgery.


3.     Robotic Hernia Repair: Like laparoscopic surgery, uses a laparoscope, and is performed with small incisions. Robotic surgery can be used for some smaller hernias and also can be used to reconstruct the abdominal wall. Each type of Hernia surgery has its advantages and disadvantages. The best approach that is most suitable as per the patient will be decided by the patient’s surgeon.


What kind of doctor one should see for a hernia treatment?

When hernia is diagnosed, treatment will start with your primary care provider. If your doctor suggests for surgery to repair the hernia, you should get it done immediately by the best surgeon. In fact, ventral hernia treatment is one of the most common operations. If it is neglected it can grow larger and more painful. This can lead more complications and possibly emergency surgery. Early repair is more successful, less risky with fast recovery and outcome.  Visit best pathology in Lucknow for Hernia diagnosis.


What can happen if a hernia is not treated on time?

Hernias will not disappear on their own, except the umbilical hernias in babies as it only heals over the time. Other than Umbilical, hernia grows larger and more painful over the time and can develop complications if not treated on time. The most common complications that patient may face of an untreated hernia may include:

·         Obstruction (incarceration): Part of the intestine becomes stuck in the inguinal canal, causing nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and a painful lump in the groin.


·         Strangulation: Part of the intestine is trapped in a way that cuts off its blood supply. In that case, emergency surgery within hours is necessary to prevent tissue death.


How can a hernia be prevented?

·         Maintain ideal body weight by following a healthy diet and exercising on regularly.

·         Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains as it will be helpful to avoid constipation.

·         Use correct way of lifting heavy objects.

·         Avoid lifting anything heavy that is beyond your ability.

·         Immediately see a doctor when you are ill with persistent coughs or sneezing.

·         Don’t smoke, as it can lead to coughing that triggers a hernia.

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