Hernia and Types of Hernia
Hernia occurs when an internal organ pushes through a weak spot in the muscle or tissue a. Or you can say that when an organ or fatty tissue squeezes through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue called fascia. In most of the cases hernias occur within the abdominal cavity, between the chest and the hips.
In some patient, it is observed that a tear or hole develops in this wall and a part of one or more internal organs protrude or squeeze out of this hole. There are several types of hernia that you can experience including inguinal, umbilical, incisional, femoral, and hiatal. If you are suffering from hernia, it’s important to treat it quickly. Hernia if left untreated for long time than it can cause various complications, so it is important to recognize the symptoms and take timely action." best pathology in Lucknow
What Causes Hernias?
As per study it is observed that ultimately, all hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or fascia. The pressure pushes an organ through the opening or weak spot. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth; but more often, it occurs later in life leads to Hernia.
Anything that causes a pressure or increase pressure in the abdomen can cause a hernia, including:
· One who is lifting heavy objects without stabilizing the abdominal muscles
· Diarrhea or constipation
· Persistent coughing or sneezing
In addition, obesity, poor nutrition, and smoking, can also weaken your muscles and make leads to hernias more likely.
Depending on the types of hernia, the cause and the organs involved. There is various types’ hernia. The major ones include:
· Inguinal Hernia
· Umbilical Hernia
· Incisional Hernia
· Hiatal Hernia
Let’s know about them in brief:-
· Inguinal Hernia:
Inguinal Hernia is the most common hernia. In the groin area, there is a small hole to a canal called as inguinal canal through which blood vessels and cords from the abdominal cavity to the groin region pass. This hole to inguinal canal is larger, and the region might be weaker in some patients. There might be a chance that in these patients the intestine(s) or fat from within the abdomen can protrude into the groin region. Inguinal hernia is more common in men as compared to women.
· Umbilical Hernia:
There is a hole in all of us at the childhood in umbilicus, which closes after birth. The umbilical cord with blood vessels from the mother to the child has passed through this hole. In many, this hole does not close completely. When this region becomes weak, the intestine(s) or other abdominal content protrudes out through this hole. Umbilical Hernia is more common in new-born infants, obese women and women who have had multiple childbirths.
· Incisional Hernia:
After any surgery in the abdominal cavity, if the wound does not heal properly, the patient can develop an Incisional Hernia. The abdominal contents can protrude through the gap in the incision. Older people who have had an open or incisional surgery in the abdomen area are at risk of Incisional Hernia condition.
· Hiatal Hernia:
The diaphragm is a wall of muscles that separates the chest and abdomen regions. Diaphragm has a small gap or hiatus for the oesophagus to pass through. This type of hernia, the upper part of the stomach pushes against this gap and bulges into the chest region.